This guide was developed to assist CBOs to organise effectively in order to facilitate social change in their communities. It draws on the experiences and practices of the South African shackdwellers’ movement Abahlali baseMjondolo (AbM) and examines a number of topics: what is a community organisation, principles of community organisation, establishing a CBO, community meetings, protests and gatherings, education programmes, sustaining a CBO, managing and sharing information, and networking and partnerships. This guide is one of the resources in the Dear Mandela Toolkit, aimed at informing individuals, communities and CBOs of their rights.
This research report examines the week-long protest in Thembelihle, near Lenasia, Johannesburg which took place in September 2011. Frustrated by an unaccountable and unresponsive local government that frequently disregarded the community’s on-going demands for access to adequate basic services, Thembelihle residents took to the streets. Their demands, however, were dismissed by local and provincial government and met with a forceful police clamp-down. In the aftermath of the protest, arrest and criminal prosecution (often on frivolous charges) was used to harass and intimidate community members and to target community leaders, marking an alarming trend in which the criminal justice system is used by the government to suppress popular dissent. This highlights the growing trend of state repression of popular protests in poor urban areas and details how the state employs the criminal justice system to vilify, criminalise and suppress local communities advocating for socio-economic development. This report was written by Michael Clark. >>Read the full report (including an executive summary) here.
This paper was prepared for The Justice and Development Working Paper Series. It examines the role of paralegals in providing a crucial link to justice services and legal redress in South Africa, particularly for the rural poor. The paper begins with a historical overview of paralegal services in South Africa from the apartheid period to the present. The study then maps the current state of the paralegal sector, and provides detailed information on the structure and function of key organizations that provide paralegal services. Through an analysis of twelve case studies of paralegal-assisted cases, the report identifies facilitating and hindering determinants of community advice office (CAO) functions at both the institutional and organization level. This working paper was written by Jackie Dugard and Kay Drage.
- Jackie Dugard, Tshepo Madlingozi and Kate Tissington (2014) "Rights-Compromised or Rights-Savvy? The Use of Rights-Based Strategies to Advance Socio-Economic Struggles by Abahlali baseMjondolo, the South African Shack-Dwellers’ Movement" in H Alviar García, K Klare and L Williams (eds) Social and Economic Rights in Theory and Practice: Critical Inquiries (Routledge).
- Thapelo Tselapedi and Jackie Dugard (2013) “Book review: Popular politics and resistance movements in South Africa edited by William Beinart and Marcelle C. Dawson (Johannesburg, Wits University Press)” Journal of Contemporary African Studies.
- Thapelo Tselapedi (2013) "Reclaiming power: A case study of the Thembelihle Crisis Committee" in Good Governance Learning Network (GGLN)Active Citizenship Matters pp. 57-65.
- Jackie Dugard and Kate Tissington (2013) "Civil society and protest in South Africa: A view from 2012" in CIVICUS State of Civil Society Report.
- Stuart Wilson and Jackie Dugard (2013) “Constitutional Jurisprudence: the first and second waves” in Malcolm Langford, Ben Cousins, Jackie Dugard & Tshepo Madlingozi (eds) Socio-Economic Rights in South Africa: Symbols or Substance? (Cambridge University Press).
- Jackie Dugard and Kay Drage (2013) "To Whom Do The People Take Their Issues? The Contribution of Community-Based Paralegals to Access to Justice in South Africa" The Justice and Development Working Paper Series (Washington: The World Bank).
- Jackie Dugard and Anna Alcaro (2013) "Let's Work Together: Environmental and Socio-Economic Rights in the Courts" South African Journal on Human Rights vol. 29(1) pp. 14-31 © Juta & Co (access the Juta catalogue here).
- Julian Brown and Stuart Wilson (2013) "A Presumed Equality: State and Citizen in Post Apartheid South Africa" African Studies vol. 72(1) pp 86 - 106.
- Jackie Dugard (2013) "Courts and structural poverty in South Africa: To what extent has the Constitutional Court expanded access and remedies to the poor?" in Daniel Bonilla Maldonado (ed) Constitutionalism in the Global South: The Activist Tribunals of India, South Africa, and Colombia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
- Kate Tissington (2012) "'Tacticians in the Struggle for Change’? Exploring the Dynamics between Legal Organisations and Social Movements Engaged in Rights-Based Struggles in South Africa" in Marcelle Dawson and Luke Sinwell (eds) Contesting Transformation: Popular Resistance in Twenty-First Century South Africa (London: Pluto Press).
- Stuart Wilson and Jackie Dugard (2011) "Taking Poverty Seriously: The South African Constitutional Court and Socio-Economic Rights" Stellenbosch Law Review.
- Jackie Dugard and Malcolm Langford (2011) “Art or Science: Synthesising Lessons from Public Interest Litigation and the Dangers of Legal Determinism”, first published in the special issue of the South African Journal on Human Rights on Public Interest Litigation vol. 27 pp. 39-64 © Juta & Co (access the Juta catalogue here).
- Jackie Dugard (2009) “Courts and the poor in South Africa: A critique of systemic judicial failures to advance transformative justice”, first published in the South African Journal on Human Rights vol. 24(2) pp. 214-238 © Juta & Co (access the Juta catalogue here).
- Jackie Dugard (2007) “Judging the Judges: Towards an appropriate role for the judiciary in South Africa’s transformation”, Leiden Journal of International Law vol. 20(4) pp. 237-253.
- Jackie Dugard (2006) “Court of First Instance?: Towards a Pro-Poor Jurisdiction for the South African Constitutional Court”, first published in theSouth African Journal on Human Rights vol. 22(2) pp. 261-282 © Juta & Co (access the Juta catalogue here).
- Jackie Dugard and Theunis Roux (2006) “The record of the South African Constitutional Court in providing an institutional voice for the poor: 1995-2004” in Roberto Gargarella, Pilar Domingo & Theunis Roux (eds) Courts and Social Transformation in New Democracies: An Institutional Voice for the Poor? pp. 107-125 (London: Ashgate Press).